For todayâ€™s â€śWhoâ€™s Your Daddyâ€ť post, we will be exploring the origins of the Gamay grape.
Also known as Bourguignon noir, Petit Bourguignon, Gamay Beaujolais, Petit Gamai, Blauer Gamet, Gamay noir a jus blanc, and Gamay noir,Gamay is a very old grape that has been certainly mentioned as early as the mid-14th century, though further speculation puts the presence of Gamay grapes in the Burgundy region of France even as early at the 3rd century (unconfirmed).Â During the mid-14th century, Gamay was thought to have helped in the recovery of the Black Death, though was later outlawed in 1395 by the Duke of Burgundy Philip the Bold, due to its harshness and overall poor quality relative to its abundance.
The edict that the Duke of Burgundy signed demanded that Gamay vines be ripped up as they were â€śdespicable and disloyalâ€ť.Â Later in 1459, the grandson of Philip the Bold, the new Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good, reiterated his familyâ€™s disdain for the grape, stating that it could â€śfool foreignersâ€ť (a.k.a. the Christian church).Â The Duke continued to urge Burdundy to produce Pinot Noir instead of Gamay, though Gamay was still being produced further south in Beaujolais.Â
Gamay is grown primarily in the Burgundy-Beaujolais region of France, as well as the Loire Valley in France and Valais in Switzerland.Â Other plantings of Gamay are hard to come by, though it can sometimes be found in vineyards in California after it was introduced there in 1973, and also in regions of Italy, Austria, Romania, Argentina, Chile, and other regions throughout the United States.
In Beaujolais, Gamay is found in Beaujolais Nouveau wines, which are released in a big celebratory manner the third Thursday in November.Â Not only are Gamay grapes used in Beaujolais Nouveau wines, but they are also used for Beaujolais Villages, as well as the 10 Beaujolais Crus (Brouilly, ChĂ©nas, Chiroubles, CĂ´te de Brouilly, Fleurie, JuliĂ©nas, Morgon, Moulin-Ă -Vent, RegniĂ© and Saint-Amour).
Gamay vines are considered to have relatively early bud break, with moderately vigorous growth.Â Gamay vines are best suited for relatively cool climates, with few known limitations in regards to soil type preferences, though does well in soils with granite and limestone.Â It is often recommended that Gamay vines be planted on hill slopes, in order to avoid potential high productivity and vigorous vines producing grapes with lower fruit anthocyanins and tannins.Â In general, it is recommended to plant Gamay vines in a similar manner to Pinot Noir vines, in medium fertility soils.Â
In terms of the wines Gamay grapes produce, they are often higher in acidity, low in tannin, more lightly colored, and fruit forward red wines.Â Those that do not enjoy Gamay wines liken the flavor to â€śmelted black cherry Jell-oâ€ť.Â In order to avoid too high of acidity, Gamay winemaking often employs the use of carbonic maceration (fermenting grapes with carbon dioxide), in order to intensify the grapeâ€™s fruity and floral notes, including banana, bubblegum, cotton candy, and vanilla.Â Wines produced from Gamay grapes tend to be light-bodied, sometimes with a purple tint.Â Most wines made from Gamay grapes are designed to be consumed in their youth, however, some Crus, such as ChĂ©nas, JuliĂ©nas, Morgon, and Moulin-Ă -Vent may age up to 10 years.Â The younger wines tend to be more fruitful and tropical, whereas the aged wines may have black currant and cherry notes.
So, â€śWhoâ€™s Your Daddyâ€ť, Gamay?
Genetic research performed in the late 1990â€™s at the University of California at Davis has revealed the genetic parentage of many grape varieties, including Gamay.Â
Without further ado, Gamay grapes are a product of the parent grapes:
Interestingly, these are the exact same parents as the Chardonnay grape!Â Looks like Gamay and Chardonnay are sisters!
Are you familiar with Gamay or Beaujolais wines? Â Any favorites?Â Youâ€™re welcome to comment by leaving your thoughts below!
I am not a health professional, nor do I pretend to be. Please consult your doctor before altering your alcohol consumption habits. Do not consume alcohol if you are under the age of 21. Do not drink and drive. Enjoy responsibly!